Silicones and siloxanes are a diverse family of synthetic chemical polymers based on silicon and methanol.
Examples of silicones and siloxanes include: DIMETHICONE, CYCLOMETHICONE, DIMETHICONOL, POLYSILICONE-15, PARSOL SLX, METHICONE...
Silicones and siloxanes are used in many skincare, cosmetic and personal care products due to the texture and cosmeticity they can provide. For instance, dimethicon, one of the most common silicone, and its derivates create a film forming layer at the surface of the skin that reduce water loss through evaporation, while cyclomethicon is often used as solvent that evaporates at the surface of the skin.
Although there are strong evidence that silicones let the skin breathe, they however create a film forming layer at the skin surface and people often reports that they may increase their acne eruption due to clogging properties.
They are also often compared to liquid plastics, as they are not biodegradable and therefore not environmentally friendly.
Flamingo by Skintifique, the free platform designed to help anyone find personal care products that meet one's safety and ethics criteria is able to identify over 650 different silicone and siloxane molecules and name variations.
To find personal care products that do not contain paraben, you may use Flamingo by Skintifique.